1. Burning mouth due to what?
Burning mouth syndrome is the term for a condition that causes a burning sensation in the mouth, also known as dysesthesia. This sensation can develop suddenly and appear anywhere in the mouth. Usually manifests on the tongue, hard palate, and inner mucosa of the lower lip. This is a rare disorder in young people under 30 years old, mainly in postmenopausal women, aged 50-70 years (accounting for 18-33% of women).
According to research, burning mouth syndrome affects about 2% of the population. This syndrome can occur in both women and men, but women are 7 times more likely to develop burning mouth syndrome than men. Although not an emergency, but burning mouth syndrome causes discomfort for patients, long-term will increase depression, anxiety, affect the patient’s quality of life.
2. Causes of burning mouth syndrome
– Primary burning mouth syndrome: If burning mouth is not due to a medical condition, it is called primary or idiopathic burning mouth syndrome. Studies have shown that primary burning mouth syndrome is caused by damage to the nerves that control pain and taste (the V, VII).
– Secondary burning mouth syndrome: This is a case of burning mouth that begins after a certain disease. Treatment of this disease will relieve burning mouth syndrome. Common causes of secondary burning mouth syndrome may include: Hormonal changes (such as those associated with postmenopausal women or thyroid problems).
– Metabolic disorders such as diabetes, allergies to dental products, dental materials (usually metal) or foods… also cause burning in the mouth.
– Dry mouth, which can be caused by disorders (such as Sjogren’s syndrome) and treatments (such as certain drugs and radiation therapy)… or people who are taking certain medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs. blood pressure angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, diuretics… also have a risk of burning mouth syndrome.
Nutritional deficiencies such as low levels of vitamin B12 or iron; Oral infections such as oral thrush, thrush; Gastroesophageal reflux. Psychological factors such as anxiety, stress … can cause the above condition.
In addition, other risk factors include:
+ People who are having problems with the digestive tract, urinary and genitourinary diseases.
+ Patients with sensory dysfunction, autonomic dysfunction of small fiber nerves (flashes of pain sensation, burning sensation), concurrently with central nervous system disorders.
+ Are taking certain drugs such as antihypertensive drugs, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, diuretics.
+ After quitting smoking…. also prone to burning mouth syndrome.